Ambrose, (340-397), bishop of Milan, one of the most influential ecclesiastical figures of the 4th century. Ambrose is credited with promoting "antiphonal chant", a style of chanting in which one side of the choir responds alternately to the other. He was one of the four original doctors of the Church, and notable for his influence on St. Augustine.
The title "Honey Tongued Doctor" was given to Ambrose because of his speaking and preaching ability; this led to the use of a beehive and bees in his iconography, symbols which also indicate wisdom. This led to his association with bees, beekeepers, chandlers & wax refiners.
Patron of bee keepers, bees, bishops, candle makers, chandlers, domestic animals, geese, learning, livestock, police officers, schoolchildren, security personnel, starlings, students & wax melters.